UNDP | Human Development Report 2009

Human Development Report 2009

Timor-Leste
HDI Rank – 162
Excel Country Factsheet
A. Human movement: snapshots and trends
International migrant stocks (thousands), 1960 7.1
International migrant stocks (thousands), 1990 9.0
International migrant stocks (thousands), 2005 11.9
International migrant stocks (thousands), 2010 13.8
Annual rate of growth in international migrant stocks (%), 1960-2005 1.1
International migrants as a percentage of total population, 1960 1.4
International migrants as a percentage of total population, 2005 1.2
Female share of international migrant stocks (%), 1960 46.0
Female share of international migrant stocks (%), 2005 52.6
Emigration rate (%), 2000-2002 2.6
International movement rate (%), 2000-2002 3.2
Internal migrant stocks (thousands), 1990-2005 ..
Life time internal migration rate (%), 1990-2005 ..
B. International emigrants by area of residence
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in Africa (%), 2000-2002 0.8
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in Asia (%), 2000-2002 39.5
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in Europe (%), 2000-2002 18.2
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in Latin America and the Caribbean (%), 2000-2002 0.2
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in Northern America (%), 2000-2002 0.2
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in Oceania (%), 2000-2002 41.0
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in countries with very high levels of human development (%), 2000-2002 59.8
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in countries with high levels of human development (%), 2000-2002 1.2
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in countries with medium levels of human development (%), 2000-2002 38.5
Proportion of international migrant stocks residing in countries with low levels of human development (%), 2000-2002 0.4
Countries’ shares of total stock of migrants in Africa (%), 2000-2002 (.)
Countries’ shares of total stock of migrants in Asia (%), 2000-2002 0.02
Countries’ shares of total stock of migrants in Europe (%), 2000-2002 0.01
Countries’ shares of total stock of migrants in Latin America and the Caribbean (%), 2000-2002 (.)
Countries’ shares of total stock of migrants in Northern America (%), 2000-2002 (.)
Countries’ shares of total stock of migrants in Oceania (%), 2000-2002 0.19
C. Education and employment of international migrants in OECD countries (aged 15 years and above)
Stock of international migrants aged 15 years and above in OECD countries (thousands), 2000-2005 11.1
Percentage of international migrants aged 15 years and above in OECD countries with less than upper secondary education, 2000-2005 57.1
Percentage of international migrants aged 15 years and above in OECD countries with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education, 2000-2005 23.4
Percentage of international migrants aged 15 years and above in OECD countries with tertiary education, 2000-2005 12.4
Tertiary emigration rate to OECD countries (%), 2000-2005 ..
Labour force participation rate of international migrants in OECD countries (%), 2000-2005 62.6
Unemployment rate of international migrants in OECD countries (%), 2000-2005 12.1
Unemployment rate of international migrants in OECD countries with less than upper secondary education (%), 2000-2005 14.8
Unemployment rate of international migrants in OECD countries with upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education (%), 2000-2005 11.6
Unemployment rate of international migrants in OECD countries with tertiary education (%), 2000-2005 4.5
D. Conflict and insecurity induced movement
Refugees by country of origin (thousands), 2007 (.)
Refugees by country of origin as a percentage of international emigrants, 2007 (.)
Refugees by country of origin as a percentage of world refugees, 2007 (.)
People in refugee-like situations by country of origin (thousands), 2007 0
Asylum seekers by country of origin (thousands), 2007 (.)
Internally displaced people (thousands), 2008 30
Refugees by country of asylum (thousands), 2007 (.)
Refugees by country of asylum as a percentage of international immigrants, 2007 (.)
Refugees by country of asylum as a percentage of world refugees, 2007 (.)
People in refugee-like situations by country of asylum (thousands), 2007 0
Asylum seekers by country of asylum (thousands), 2007 (.)
E. International financial flows: remittances, official development assistance and foreign direct investment
Remittance inflows (US$ millions), 2007 ..
Remittance outflows (US$ millions), 2007 ..
Remittance outflows per international migrant (US$), 2007 ..
ODA per capita (US$), 2007 241
Remittance inflows per capita (US$), 2007 ..
Remittance inflows as a % of ODA, 2007 ..
Remittance inflows as a % of GDP, 2007 ..
Ratio of remittance inflows to FDI, 2007 ..
Percentage of remittance inflows by continent of origin – Africa ..
Percentage of remittance inflows by continent of origin – Asia ..
Percentage of remittance inflows by continent of origin – Europe ..
Percentage of remittance inflows by continent of origin – Latin America and the Caribbean ..
Percentage of remittance inflows by continent of origin – Northern America ..
Percentage of remittance inflows by continent of origin – Oceania ..
F. Selected conventions related to human rights and migration (by year of ratification)
Year of ratification of the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families , 2009 2004
Year of ratification of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, 2009 ..
Year of ratification of the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, 2009 2003
Year of ratification of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 2009 2003
Year of ratification of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 2009 2003
Year of ratification of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 2009 2003
Year of ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 2009 2003
Year of ratification of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 2009 2003
Year of ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, 2009 2003
G. Human development index trends
Human development index trends, 1980 ..
Human development index trends, 1985 ..
Human development index trends, 1990 ..
Human development index trends, 1995 ..
Human development index trends, 2000 ..
Human development index trends, 2005 0.488
Human development index trends, 2006 0.484
Human development index trends, 2007 0.489
Revised HDI rank, 2006 162
Real change in ranks, 2006-2007 0
Long-term annual growth rate in HDI (%), 1980-2007 ..
Medium-term annual growth rate in HDI (%), 1990-2007 ..
Short-term annual growth rate in HDI (%), 2000-2007 ..
H. Human development index 2007 and its components
Human development index value, 2007 0.489
Life expectancy at birth (years), 2007 60.7
Adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and above), 2007 50.1 1
Combined gross enrolment ratio in education (%), 2007 63.2 23
GDP per capita (PPP US$), 2007 717 4
Life expectancy index, 2007 0.595
Education index, 2007 0.545
GDP index, 2007 0.329
GDP per capita (PPP US$) rank minus HDI rank, 2007 11
I-1. Human and income poverty
Human poverty index (HPI-1) rank, 2007 122
Human Poverty Index (HPI-1) value (%), 2007 40.8
Probability at birth of not surviving to age 40 (% of cohort), 2005-2010 18.0
Adult illiteracy rate (% aged 15 and above), 1999-2007 49.9 5
Population not using an improved water source (%), 2006 38
Children underweight for age (% under age 5), 2000-2006 46
Population living below $1.25 a day (%), 2000-2007 52.9
Population living below $2 a day (%), 2000-2007 77.5
Population living below the national poverty line (%), 2000-2006 ..
HPI-1 rank minus income poverty rank 9
I-2. Human and income poverty: OECD countries
Human poverty index (HPI-2) rank ..
Human poverty index (HPI-2) value (%) ..
Probability at birth of not surviving to age 60 (% of cohort), 2005-2010 33.1
People lacking functional literacy skills (% aged 16-65), 1994-2003 ..
Long-term unemployment rate (% of labour force), 2007 ..
Population living below 50% of median income (%), 2000-2005 ..
HPI-2 rank minus income poverty rank ..
J. Gender-related development index and its components
GDI rank, 2007 ..
GDI value, 2007 ..
GDI value as a percentage of HDI value, 2007 ..
Female life expectancy at birth (years), 2007 61.5
Male life expectancy at birth (years), 2007 59.8
Female adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and above), 1997-2007 ..
Male adult literacy rate (% aged 15 and above), 1997-2007 ..
Female combined gross enrolment ratio (%), 2007 62.1 67
Male combined gross enrolment ratio (%), 2007 64.2 67
Female estimated earned income (PPP US$), 2007 493 8
Male estimated earned income (PPP US$), 2007 934 8
HDI rank minus GDI rank, 2007 ..
K. Gender empowerment measure and its components
Gender empowerment measure (GEM) rank, 2007 ..
Gender empowerment measure (GEM) value, 2006 ..
Seats in parliament (% held by women), 2008 29 9
Legislators, senior officials and managers (% female), 1999-2007 ..
Professional and technical workers (% female), 1999-2007 ..
Earned income (estimated), ratio of female to male , 2007 0.53
Year women received the right to vote ..
Year women received the right to stand for election ..
Year in which a woman became Speaker or Presiding Officer of parliament or of one of its houses for the first time, as of 2009 ..
Women in ministerial positions (% of positions), 2008 25
L. Demographic trends
Total population (millions), 1990 0.7
Total population (millions), 2007 1.1
Total population (millions), 2020 1.6
Annual rate of natural increase of the population (%), 1990-1995 2.7
Annual rate of natural increase of the population (%), 2005-2010 3.1
Net international migration rate (%), 1990-1995 0
Net international migration rate (%), 2005-2010 0.2
Urban share of the population (%), 1990 20.8
Urban share of the population (%), 1990 28.1
Child dependency ratio, 1990 68.7
Child dependency ratio, 2010 85.4
Old age dependency ratio, 1990 3.5
Old age dependency ratio, 2010 5.8
Total fertility rate (births per woman), 1990-1995 5.7
Total fertility rate (births per woman), 2005-2010 6.5
M. Economy and inequality
Total GDP (US$ billions), 2007 0.4
Total GDP (PPP US$ billions), 2007 0.8
GDP per capita (US$), 2007 373
Annual growth rate of GDP per capita (%), 1990-2007 ..
GDP per capita (PPP US$), year of highest value, 1980-2007 ..
GDP per capita (PPP US$), year of highest value ..
Average annual change in consumer price index (%), 1990-2007 ..
Average annual change in consumer price index (%), 2006-2007 10.3
Income/expenditure share of the richest 10% of the population (%), 1992-2007 2.9 10
Income/expenditure share of the richest 10% of the population (%), 1992-2007 31.3 10
Ratio of the richest 10% to the poorest 10%, 1992-2007 10.8
Gini index, 1992-2007 39.5
N. Health and education
Government expenditure on health per capita (PPP US$), 2006 150
Government expenditure on health as a percentage of total government expenditure 16.4
Public current expenditure on primary education per pupil (PPP US$) ..
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure, 2000-2007 ..
Percentage of total aid allocated to social sectors (gross disbursements), 2007 72.2
Percentage of adults with low educational attainment levels (% aged 25 and above) ..
Percentage of adults with medium educational attainment levels (% aged 25 and above) ..
Percentage of adults with high educational attainment levels (% aged 25 and above) ..
Under 5 mortality rate in the highest quintile of wealth (per 1,000 live births) ..
Under 5 mortality rate in the highest quintile of wealth (per 1,000 live births) ..
Under 5 mortality rate for children of mothers with at least secondary education (per 1,000 live births) ..
Under 5 mortality rate for children of mothers with at least secondary education (per 1,000 live births) ..
Healthy life expectancy at birth (years), 2007 55
Unhealthy life expectancy (%), 2007 9

Notes:

1 – UNDP (2006b). Timor-Leste: Human Development Report 2006: The Path Out of Poverty. Dili: UNDP.
2 – Data refer to a year other than that specified.
3 – UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate.
4 – World Bank estimate based on regression.
5 – UNDP (2006b). Timor-Leste: Human Development Report 2006: The Path Out of Poverty. Dili: UNDP.
6 – Data refer to an earlier year than that specified.
7 – UNESCO Institute for Statistics estimate.
8 – No wage data are available. For the purposes of calculating the estimated female and male earned income, a value of 0.75 was used for the ratio of the female nonagricultural wage to the male nonagricultural wage.
9 – Countries with established quota systems for women. Quota systems aim at ensuring that women constitute at least a ‘critical minority’ of 30 or 40 percent. Today women constitute 16 percent of the members of parliaments around the world.
10 – Data refer to expenditure shares by percentiles of the population, ranked by per capita expenditure.

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